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Port

Portugal

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The Douro Demarcated Region covers over 250,000 hectares in Northeast Portugal within the Douro River basin. Only fortified wines from grapes grown and produced in the Douro Demarcated Region can be called Port. The fortified wine is produced under specific, traditional methods of fermentation, adding grape brandy, ageing and storage. Situated along the Douro River and its tributaries, Port’s soil is schistose with some granite around the edges. The region is protected from humid Atlantic winds by the Marão and Montemuro mountain barriers, resulting in cold winters and hot, dry summers.

Region

43,608 hectares of growing area

3 sub-regions

People

20,015 growers

121 shippers

Sales

8.2 million cases sold (2019)

€379 million total sales (2019)

>80% exported

Primary Grape Varietals

RED

Bastardo

Donzelinho Tinto

Marufo

Tinta Francisca

Aragonez

Tinto-Cão

Touriga-Franca

Touriga-Nacional

WHITE

Bical

Donzelinho Branco

Folgasão

Gouveio

Gouveio Estimado

Malvasia-Fina

Rabigato

Sercial

Verdelho

Viosinho

Unique Fact 
The Douro Demarcated Region was the first wine region in the world to be demarcated and regulated. September 10, celebrated as International Port Day, commemorates the date of the Law that in 1756 created the Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (also known as the Douro Wine Company). It was founded by the Marquis of Pombal to guarantee Port wine's high quality, combat fraud and stabilize prices. The wine region's borders were delimited by 335 stone markers, and soon after a comprehensive classification system was established.
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