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Port

Portugal

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The Douro Demarcated Region covers over 250,000 hectares in Northeast Portugal within the Douro River basin. Only fortified wines from grapes grown and produced in the Douro Demarcated Region can be called Port. The fortified wine is produced under specific, traditional methods of fermentation, adding grape brandy, ageing and storage. Situated along the Douro River and its tributaries, Port’s soil is schistose with some granite around the edges. The region is protected from humid Atlantic winds by the Marão and Montemuro mountain barriers, resulting in cold winters and hot, dry summers.

Region

43,480 hectares of growing area

3 sub-regions

People

21,432 growers

39,000 farmers

Production

8.6 million cases sold (2016)

7.2 million cases shipped (2016)

€308 million total sales (2016)

Primary Grape Varietals

Bastardo

Mourisco Tinto

Touriga Francesa

Tinta Amarela

Tinta Barroca

Tinta Cao

Tinta Roriz

Touriga Nacional

Donzelinho Branco

Gouveio

Malvasia Fina

Rabigato

Viosinho

Unique Fact 
Douro Demarcated Region is the third oldest protected wine region in the world. The Companhia Gerald a Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro (also known as the Douro Wine Company) was founded in 1756 by the Marquis of Pombal to guarantee Port wine’s high quality, combat fraud, and stabilize prices. The wine region’s borders were delimited by 335 stone markers, and the next year a comprehensive classification system was established.
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