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Champagne

France

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Located 90 miles northeast of Paris, the Champagne region’s terroir is known for its cool climate, chalky subsoil, and sloping vineyards. Only grapes planted in the strictly delimited Champagne appellation area can be used in wines bearing the Champagne name. Planted at one of the northernmost limits for vines, Champagne has dual climate with oceanic and continental influences. Temperatures often remain low and sunshine is limited, but the region experiences near-ideal rainfall for grape production. The chalky subsoil provides the vines with a steady supply of water while still putting the vines under enough stress to achieve a balance of ripeness and acidity.

Region

34,300 hectares of growing area

3 sub-regions (Grand Est,

Hauts-de-France, Île-de-France)

319 crus (villages)

People

16,100 winegrowers

360 Champagne houses

140 cooperatives

Production

297.6 million bottles shipped

€5 billion total worldwide sales

Impact

30,000 direct jobs created

120,000 harvest-related employment

22% export value of all French wine

Primary Grape Varietals

Chardonnay

Pinot Noir

Meunier

Unique Fact 
Strict quality controls regulate all stages of Champagne production, many of which were first established in 1927. The only authorized grape varietals are Pinot Noir, Meunier, and Chardonnay, in addition to some other vine stocks. Other regulations to ensure top quality wines include harvest yield, minimum aging requirements, harvesting by hand, specific production methods and storage requirements.
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