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Bordeaux

France

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Located near the Atlantic Ocean and exactly on the 45th parallel, the French wine region of Bordeaux is centered on the city of Bordeaux, covering less than 300,000 acres. Only grapes planted within the region’s 65 appellations can be labeled as Bordeaux wines. The region is defined by gravel, sandy or clay soil, oceanic climate, and the Gironde, Garonne and Dordogne Rivers. It has rare frosts in winter, wet springs, warm summers, and very sunny autumn weather for optimum ripening.

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Region

111,000 hectares of growing area

65 appellations

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People

5,700 winegrowers

300 trading houses

77 brokers

32 cooperative cellars

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Production

553 million bottles produced

€3.9+ billion total sales

44% of wines exported, generating 

€2 billion

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Impact

50,000 jobs, direct and indirect

4.3 million visitors

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Primary Grape Varietals

Merlot

Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Franc

Sémillon 

Sauvignon Blanc

Muscadelle

Unique Fact 
The Bordeaux vineyards are the result of two thousand years of history encompassing alternating periods of great prosperity and recession that have shaped the land and made the wines what they are today. Each of the great Bordeaux wine varieties has its own distinct qualities. However, there is one point that all Bordeaux wines, whether reds or whites,  have in common: they consist of a blend of several grape varieties.
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